Growing Palm Trees in Florida
The best types of Florida palm trees to plant in central and south Florida. Also palm trees native to Florida and the best palm tree for NW Florida.
Diseases affecting Florida palms and which trees are most susceptible.
Palm Trees of Florida
Date and Cabbage palm fronds swaying in the St. Augustine, FL breeze.
From the Panhandle to the Keys, Florida is a palm lovers paradise.
A vast number of palm tree types flourish here though just a few seem to dominate residential and commercial landscape designs in each section of the state.
The Date palms seem to have won the popularity contest in the Daytona Beach area. Queen, Mexican Fan and Pindo palms contend for the title of landscape favorite from Deltona to Lake Mary.
The further south you travel, the more you will see the ferny fronds of P. robelenii gracing front and sideyards. Coconut palms are only hardy in the southernmost portions of the state so expect to see this variety in Miami and towns south of there.
The Sabal palm is found in every corner of the state as it grows wild here. Being the palm most suited to Florida’s soil and climate, it is often used as a landscape tree.
The highlighted palm tree names below will take you to pages of pictures and detailed growing information for those varieties.
Central Florida Palm Trees
Phoenix dactylifera is the date palm tree of commerce. Unlike Phoenix roebelenii, Phoenix reclinata, or Phoenix canariensis which are also commonly called date palms, P. dactylifera is grown for the sticky sweet fruit it produces.
The fan-shaped leaves of the lady palm are divided into 7-10 finger-like segments. This southern China native will lend an Asian air to any environment in which it is grown.
The Saw Palmetto palm tree is one of the easiest to grow. Serenoa repens is native to the south-eastern states of the U.S. and is the genus from which saw palmetto extract is produced.
Mediterranean fan palms (a.k.a. European fan palms) are compact clump forming palms that can slowly reach a height of 15 feet. The suckers that form at the base of these palms can cause the clump to spread to a width of 15 feet as well.
With its gracefully drooping leaf tips and hula skirt of dried fronds, the Mexican fan palm is the dancing girl of the Arecacea family.
Buy a 3′ Pindo Palm Tree
The South American Pindo palm, Butia capitata, sets a delicious, edible fruit. The berries are tasty when eaten raw but they also make wonderful jelly and wine. This is why the Pindo is commonly called the Jelly palm.
Sabal minor is a low growing fan palm native to Florida, North Carolina, and Texas. Its common names include Dwarf Palmetto and Blue-stem palm. One of the distinguishing features of this palm is its underground trunk.
Queen and Pygmy Date Florida palm trees.
Palm trees south Florida is a list of the best types of palm trees to plant in zones 10-11. Florida Royal palm tree, Queen palm, Pygmy Date, etc.
Florida Palm Tree Diseases
Palm Trees, Key West, Florida
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The disease that has been most damaging to palm trees in Florida is lethal yellowing. This deadly disease most often infects Coconut palms but can infect other types of palm trees.
Lethal yellowing is spread by the leafhopper bug and is mainly a problem for south Florida trees. The fronds of a sick palm tree will turn yellow and droop.
Bud rot is a fungal disease which infects the heart of a palm and causes the tree to wilt and die. Mexican Fan palms are the most vulnerable.
Ganoderma butt rot is a disease which can kill a Florida palm tree. It is caused by Ganoderma zonatum, a fungus which invades the base or butt of palm trees. It usually enters through a wound.
The Best Palm Tree for NW Florida
Buy an 8′ Cabbage Palm Tree
If I were choosing a palm for zone 8 in Florida I would plant either a Sabal minor or a Cabbage palm (Florida’s state tree) depending on what height I wanted the palm to grow to.
The beautiful and cold hardy Windmill palm tree is another excellent choice for this part of the state.
Where to Buy Florida Palm Trees
Windmill palm trees landscape a Caribbean restaurant in Altamonte Springs.
You may purchase any of the palms described here from Real Palm Trees in a variety of sizes from sprouted seedlings to 20 foot tall instant impact trees.
|Sago Palm||Beaked Yucca||Windmill Palm||Silver Saw Palmetto Palm|
Native Florida Palms A list of native Florida palms Divided into two groups: those native to the entire state and those native to south Florida only.